Eco-industrial Park Intervention in Viet Nam - Perspective from Global Eco-Industrial Parks Programme
Viet Nam has around 400 industrial zones, out of which nearly 300 are operating. Industrial parks and economic zones are important attractors of foreign investments, accounting for around one-third of total foreign investments.
Industrial parks in Vietnam contribute to half of the total export turnover and created over 4 million jobs.
However, industrial parks can have also negative impacts, which need to be managed: in order to achieve sustainable industrial development goals and in line with the SDGs, it is necessary to transform industrial zones into eco-industrial parks.
The Government Decree No. 35/2022/ND-CP dated 28 May 2022 stipulates in detail a number of industrial park development models, including the eco-industrial park model, with policies and incentives to encourage their development.
The project “Eco-industrial parks intervention in Viet Nam - Perspective from the Global Eco-Industrial Park Programme" funded by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) and implemented by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) in cooperation with the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) will support the development of policy documents for the implementation of the eco-industrial park model in the country and, at the same time, will continue to promote and demonstrate the implementation of eco-industrial park solutions in selected localities.
- Multi-level interventions: The project will target EIP development at three levels:
- Integrated approach: The project inherits the results of the project "Implementation of the eco-industrial park initiative towards a sustainable industrial park model in Vietnam" implemented by the Ministry of Planning and Investment in collaboration with UNIDO from 2014 to 2019 and guidelines for implementing eco-industrial parks of UNIDO, World Bank and other international organizations.
Piloting industrial zones to deploy eco-industrial parks: Dinh Vu Industrial Park (Deep C - Hai Phong City), Hoa Khanh Industrial Park (Da Nang), Tra Noc Industrial Park 1&2 (Can Tho), Amata Industrial Park (Dong Nai), and Hiep Phuoc Industrial Park (Ho Chi Minh City)
The project is expected to achieve 2 main results:
Outcome 1: Encourage the development and integration of eco-industrial parks in relevant mechanisms, policies and regulations
With the support of many donors, including GEF, SECO and UNIDO, Vietnam has achieved many important results in the development of mechanisms and policies to support the development of the eco-industrial park model. The results on mechanisms and policies need to be promoted through the development of circulars and documents guiding the implementation of this model according to the provisions of Decree 82/2018/ND-CP.
Outcome 2: Identify and implement eco-industrial park opportunities to bring environmental benefits (such as resource productivity), economic and social benefits to businesses.
The project focuses on supporting the transformation of industrial zones in order to: (i) ensure specific goals and outcomes within a given timeframe, financial and organizational resources, and (ii) be consistent with the governments policies. UNIDO environment and social security book.
Two typical industrial zones selected in Vietnam include Amata (Dong Nai) and Deep C (Hai Phong). These are industrial parks that are highly appreciated in the global eco-industrial park framework, with a lot of potential for improvement with certain support from the project. After being intervened, these industrial zones will become model points for other industrial parks in the country to study, conduct, and learn from experience.
On the basis of applying tools to select eco-industrial parks, Hiep Phuoc Industrial Park (Ho Chi Minh City) was researched and selected because of its potential for improvement. “Intensive” interventions to be carried out at this industrial park include: assessment of RECPs, identification and implementation of industrial symbiosis, and capacity building activities and technical cooperation. . In addition, the project continues to support the development of industrial symbiosis networks identified within the GEF-SECO-funded eco-industrial park project at the enterprise level and the industrial zone level in the industrial zones. Industrial Park Hoa Khanh (Da Nang) and Tra Noc 1&2 (Can Tho). The project also carried out many other industrial park capacity building activities of interest to increase awareness of eco-industrial parks in other industrial zones across the country.