Eco-industrial Park Intervention in Viet Nam - Perspective from Global Eco-Industrial Parks Programme
Viet Nam has around 400 industrial zones, out of which nearly 300 are operating. Industrial parks and economic zones are important attractors of foreign investments, accounting for around one-third of total foreign investments.
Industrial parks in Vietnam contribute to half of the total export turnover and created over 4 million jobs.
However, industrial parks can have also negative impacts, which need to be managed: in order to achieve sustainable industrial development goals and in line with the SDGs, it is necessary to transform industrial zones into eco-industrial parks.
The Government Decree No. 35/2022/ND-CP dated 28 May 2022 stipulates in detail a number of industrial park development models, including the eco-industrial park model, with policies and incentives to encourage their development.
The project “Eco-industrial parks intervention in Viet Nam - Perspective from the Global Eco-Industrial Park Programme" funded by the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) and implemented by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) in cooperation with the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) will support the development of policy documents for the implementation of the eco-industrial park model in the country and, at the same time, will continue to promote and demonstrate the implementation of eco-industrial park solutions in selected localities.
- Multi-level interventions: The project will target EIP development at three levels:
- Integrated approach: The project inherits the results of the project "Implementation of the eco-industrial park initiative towards a sustainable industrial park model in Vietnam" implemented by the Ministry of Planning and Investment in collaboration with UNIDO from 2014 to 2019 and guidelines for implementing eco-industrial parks of UNIDO, World Bank and other international organizations.
Piloting industrial zones to deploy eco-industrial parks: Dinh Vu Industrial Park (Deep C - Hai Phong City), Hoa Khanh Industrial Park (Da Nang), Tra Noc Industrial Park 1&2 (Can Tho), Amata Industrial Park (Dong Nai), and Hiep Phuoc Industrial Park (Ho Chi Minh City)